• image
  • image
  • image
Previous Next

A BRIEF NOTE ON

DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE

AND TOXICOLOGY

KIMS, HUBLI

 

 

 

 

 


INTRODUCTION OF DEPARTMENT

          Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology was established in KIMS under MCI regulations on November 1960. Dr. B. Venkatnarayan Shetty had the honor to be the first Head of the Department. Since then, the department has made many leaps and bounds in the world of Forensic Medicine. Currently the privilege of being Professor and Head of the Department is to Dr. Gajanan. H. Nayak.

DEPARTMENT ACTIVITIES

          The activities carried out by the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology  are Medico legal autopsy and other allied activities which help concerned authorities for dispensation of justice, the details of which are furnished below –

1) Post Mortem Examination--- on an average, 1300  post mortem examinations are done every year for cases of road traffic accidents, dowry deaths, hospital deaths, poisoning deaths, assault cases etc.                                                                                       

2) Skeletal Remains--- Examination of skeletal remains—age, sex, injuries etc. is carried out in the department for identification of victim and cause of death.                          

3) Expert Opinion--- Expert opinion is given by this department on request from concerned authorities regarding cause of death, post mortem examinations, skeletal remains etc.

4) Sexual Offences: On an average 25 cases of sexual offences are handled by this department per year.

5) Age Estimation: About 20 cases requiring age estimation per year.

6) Exhumation: About 1 to 2 cases per year are exhumed for further opinion regarding cause of death, nature of injuries.

                                                                                                                                      Apart from all these, adequate teaching facilities have been provided to encourage the students in this field.     

Department Facilities :

  1. A – V  Equipments

-         Laptop

-         LCD Projector

-         ACER Computer, HP Scan, Copy & Printer

-         Slide Projector, OHP and Camera

-         Video Camera, TV and VCR etc.

-         In custody death cases, Video is arranged by executive sub-divisional magistrate

  1. Museum

-         System-wise arranged specimens

                          Mounted specimens                                      - 262

                          Unmounted Specimens – Dry                       - 30

                                                               Weapons                   - 50

                                                               Bones                        - 1050

-         Prototype Firearms and other arms

                      Live and empty cartridges                                 - 30

                    

- Wax models of POP                                                              - 18

- Poisons                                                                                 - 140

            

Other like ----

a) Transparencies                                                                    - 40

b) List of Charts                                                                      - 113

                Photographs                                                            - 350

                X-Rays                                                                      - 100

Seating arrangements for students have been made (Demonstration Hall-02)

                                  Type                                     Metal Desks, 25x3 total 

                                                                                     seating capacity for 75 students.

  1. Library cum PG seminar hall --------
  2. Laboratory -------
  3. Lecture Hall / Demonstration Hall / Seminar Room.
  4. Mortuary Block  --------
    1. Dictatic Lectures
    2. Demonstrations
    3. Tutorials
    4. Seminars and Group discussion.
    5. Practicals
    6. Separate Demonstrations of Post mortem procedures.
    7. “FOR-MED” CME was conducted by the department on 6th September 2015 at KIMS Auditorium. More than 400 delegates, 100 lawyers and 100 police officers attended the CME. The topics of discussion and speakers were:

                    Department Library is well furnished with different textbooks, around 200 in number and various other journals which keep the department officials up-to-date in different aspects of Science of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.

                   PG seminar hall with seating capacity of 25 seats for various PG teaching activities.

                       Adequate Laboratory arrangements have been made to conduct routine basic lab investigations with additional provisions for histopathological examination of the specimens and microscopes and slides as teaching aids.

    Two demonstration hall of each 75 students capacity and one

          seminar hall with Adequate arrangements for teaching students the art of

          Forensic Medicine and Toxicology and keeping them well versed with this  

          science have been made.

A separate mortuary block with cold storage facility for 16 bodies and three dissection tables with adequate equipments for dissection and capacity to accommodate 50 to 75 students (with step type of view gallery) to make them aware of daily practice of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.

EDUCATION :

                                                                                                                

Teaching of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology is being done for the students of  MBBS (Para-clinical subjects) ------------   Phase II/I, II/II and II/III.

Methodology –

Number of students Attending –

                   Each year 150 UG students are being trained in the department.

         

          Number of Teaching hours –

                            Theory                                                                  80 Hours

                             Practicals                                                              30 Hours

                             Integrating Teachings                                           10 Hours

Internship Training – The interns will be posted to our department as a part of compulsory rotation internship training programme for developing various skills in opining on Skeletal remains, Sexual offences, Expert Opinion, PM examinations, Exhumation and age estimation.

          Training to Medical officers to conduct post mortem examination.

          Training program for Judicial Academy regarding Medicolegal cases. 

         

         Training to police personnel Regarding investigation of cases.

Exposure to nursing students to post mortems and other Medicolegal      cases.

Faculty members of our department are being involved in various research activities.

P. G. COURSE INFORMATION –

         

          Govt. Order No: HFW 119 MPS 2009, Karnataka Government Secretariat,

                                     Vikasa Soudha, Bangalore, dated: 31-07-2009.

          Two postgraduate seats are allotted per year as per norms of MCI,

 50% through India quota and 50% through state quota.

ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT –

Different CME and Case discussions are arranged on regular intervals to keep student updated about Forensic Medicine.

Topic: Medico-Legal Autopsy.

Topic: Medical Negligence and Consent in Medical Practice.

Topic: Recent amendments in Sexual offence cases.

Topic: Forensic photography and videography.

Topic: Role of Forensic Science Laboratory in Medico-Legal cases.

 

  1. Postmortem Conducted by Dr.Gajanan H Nayak, Prof. & Head, KIMS Hubballi,  of the noted Indian scholar and Kannada Epigraphsit- Dr.M.M.KALBURGI on August 30 2015 at Dharwad Civil Hospital, Dharwad.
  2. SIACHEN GLACIER AVALANCHE survivor Lance Hanumanthappa Koppad, was brought to KIMS Hubballi on February 11th 2016, and kept for one day under the supervision of Dr.Gajanan H Nayak, Prof. & Head, KIMS Hubballi. The chief minister of Karnataka and Cabinet ministers visited KIMS for the homage.
  3. Postmortem conducted,of the people of, VOLVO BUS TRAGEDY, which took place on 14/11/2013 on Pune – Bangalore highway. C/W Bankapur Police Station.The seven bodies were totally charred and after conduction of postmortem examination, DNA analysis was done, and the bodies were handed over to the concerned relatives only after DNA matching.
  1. Postmortem conducted by Dr.Gajanan H Nayak, Prof. & Head, of the persons expired in POLICE FIRING IN ANKOLA, in NOVEMBER 2014.  One firing was done by Police Officer and other person was shot by a sharp shooter.
  2. Postmortem conducted of the Police and the people(total seven cases) who expired in BUILDING COLLPASE OF THE RAILWAY PARCEL OFFICE, HUBBALLI RAILWAY STATION, on 08th February 2016.

 

ORIGINAL RESEARCH DONE BY THE STAFF:

 

  1. Pattern of Natural Deaths and the Frequency of Occurrence of Disease that cause them.” Gajanan H Nayak, Sunilkumar S Biradar, Shivakumar J, Ravindra Kumar C N, Madhu Sudhan S, Jnaneshwara P Shenoy. International Journal Of Health sciences and research, Vol:5; Issue:6; June 2015.
  2.  “Pattern of Deaths attributable to Poisoning in North Karnataka”, Gajanan H Nayak, Sunilkumar S Biradar, Shivakumar J, Jnaneshwara P Shenoy, Madhu Sudhan S, Ravindra Kumar C N. International Journal Of Health sciences and research, Vol:5; Issue:9; September 2015.
  3. “Autopsy findings in Mass Disaster”, Gajanan H Nayak, Smitha M, Madhu Sudhan S, Ravindra Kumar C N, Sunilkumar S Biradar, Shivakumar J. Journal of Medical Research and Practice, Vol:3, Issue:3, 2014.
  4. “Pattern of Hanging cases in and around Hubballi.” Gajanan H Nayak, Sunilkumar S Biradar, Ravindra Kumar C N, Madhu Sudhan S, Mahalaxmi Karlawad, Muthamizh Selvan. Accepted for publication in Journal of South India Medicolegal Association, dated: 25.11.2015.
  5.  “Age estimation by eruption and apical foramina closure of second premolar teeth”; Sunilkumar S Biradar, Umesh Babu R, Gajanan H Nayak, Smitha M. Medico-legal Up-date, Volume 12 No. 1. Jan-June 2012,120-22.
  6.  “Mean corpuscular volume and biochemical markers of alcoholism - a comparative study"; PrashantKumar B.G., Sunilkumar S.Biradar, Journal of Indian Society of Toxicology (JIST) “A peer-reviewed journal dedicated to toxicology”: Vol 8, No 1, Jan-June-2012, 15-19.
  7. “ A Study on Pattern of Lip Prints in Central Karnataka Region.”; Smitha M, Sunilkumar S Biradar, Gajanan H Nayak, Mallikarjun K Biradar, Shivakumar J. International Journal Of Health Sciences and Research, Vol:5; Issue:1; Jan 2015. 140-145.
  8.  “ A study of estimation of stature from foot measurements”; Kazi S A K, Aadamali A Nadaf, Vijayachandra, B G Shalawadi. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology. Jul-Dec 2014, Vol-8. No.2, 81-84.
  9.  “Morphometric analysis of foramen magnum for sex determination in Karnataka”; Kazi SAK, Aadamali. A. Nadaf, Pramod B Gai. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology. Jul-Dec 2014, Vol-8. No.2, 48-51.
  10.  “ Psychological autopsy study of suicide among elderly”: Aadamali. A Nadaf, Anand Mugadlimath, Chidananda P S, K H Manjunath. Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine. Apr-Jun 2014, Vol 36, No.2, 156-159.

               Presentations from Staff:

  1. Lecture by Dr.Gajanan H Nayak, Prof. & Head, at the workshop conducted by KARNATAKA JUDICIAL ACADEMY.
  2. Lecture by Dr.Gajanan H Nayak, Prof. & Head, at the workshop conducted by IMA branches of Karwar, Sirsi and Dharwad.
  3. Lecture by Dr.Gajanan H Nayak, Prof. & Head, at the workshop conducted by Police Training centre Gadag and Karwar.
  4.  “Rare case of death in washing machine with patterned injuries to trunk”, published by Dr.A.A.Nadaf in Journal Forensics Medicine, Science and Law 2015 Vol 22(2)was cited in THE TEXTBOOK OF MEDICAL JURIPRUDENCE AND TOXICOLOGY BY MODI, 25TH EDITION.

AWARDS AND HONORS:

DEPARTMENT OF FORENSIC MEDICINE

KARNATAKA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, HUBBALLI – 21.

Total Numbers of Postmortem and other examination done during last 3 years.

Sl. No.

Particulars

Year - 2013

Year - 2014

Year - 2015

1

Total No’s of Postmortems done

1211

1244

1359

2

Skeletal Remains

03

02

01

3

Sexual Offences (Potency)

17

32

27

4

Age Estimation

31

20

08

5

Expert Opinion

Nil

01

01

6

Exhumation

Nil

02

03

7

Miscellaneous

79

12

06